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Saturday, February 15, 2020

Will all humanity be judged by The Quran? (39:69)

Does Verse 39:69 say that all of humanity will be judged by The Quran on the Day of Judgement? That is, will be treated as a sort of "textbook" or standard for all humanity, by which everyone's lives will be compared and judged accordingly?

It does not refer to The Quran. The book mentioned here is a the book of deeds (or the book of life) as well as a the record of everything.

Let's see... Verse 68 goes, that the "Trumpet" will be sounded, and everyone in the heavens and the earth will be stunned. Then it will be sounded another time, and everyone will rise up. And then the verse in question... 
Az-Zumar 39:69 And the earth will shine with the Light of its Lord; and the Book will be placed; and the prophets and the witnesses will be brought in; and Judgment will be passed among them equitably, and they will not be wronged.
وَأَشْرَقَتِ الْأَرْضُ بِنُورِ رَبِّهَا وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ وَجِيءَ بِالنَّبِيِّينَ وَالشُّهَدَاءِ وَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُم بِالْحَقِّ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ 
And then verse 70 says that every soul will be fully compensated for it's deeds, and that God is well aware of what they do...
Az-Zumar 39:70 And every soul will be fully compensated for what it had done. He is well aware of what they do. 
وَوُفِّيَت كُلُّ نَفسٍ ما عَمِلَت وَهُوَ أَعلَمُ بِما يَفعَلونَ

There are many verses in The Quran which discuss this "book of deeds" or this "record of everything", but the most important one to understand the nature of the book mentioned in 39:69 is 18:49.

The similarities between the two verses make it abundantly clear that verse 18:49 indeed mentions the same book (compare the colored parts between this verse and 39:69-70). The verse also makes it clear that the nature of the book is not at all that of a textbook or a standard for humanity...
Al-Kahf 18:49 And the book will be placed, and you will see the sinners fearful of its contents. And they will say, “Woe to us! What is with this book that leaves nothing, small or big, but it has enumerated it?” They will find everything they had done presentYour Lord does not wrong anyone.
وَوُضِعَ الْكِتَابُ فَتَرَى الْمُجْرِمِينَ مُشْفِقِينَ مِمَّا فِيهِ وَيَقُولُونَ يَا وَيْلَتَنَا مَالِ هَٰذَا الْكِتَابِ لَا يُغَادِرُ صَغِيرَةً وَلَا كَبِيرَةً إِلَّا أَحْصَاهَا وَوَجَدُوا مَا عَمِلُوا حَاضِرًا وَلَا يَظْلِمُ رَبُّكَ أَحَدًا

We see that ...
  • it is a book that will leaves out nothing small or big but records everything
  • It is a book that the wrongdoers will be afraid of what it contains, because they will find their deeds present. 
  • and for their deeds, which they can clearly see and cry out "Woe to us!", they will be compensated accordingly, and hence they will not be wronged in the slightest. 

So instead of being a textbook or standard like The Quran that their lives will be compared with, it is a book in God's presence that tells the truth exactly as it happened...
Al-Mu'minun 23:62 We never burden any soul beyond its capacity. And with Us is a book that speaks the truthand they will not be wronged.
وَلَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَا وَلَدَيْنَا كِتَابٌ يَنْطِقُ بِالْحَقِّ وَهُمْ لَا يُظْلَمُونَ
Fahad Ali Khan

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